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What Are The Factors That Affect The Light Fastness of Dyes?

Views: 20     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-05-30      Origin: Site


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Light fastness refers to the resistance of a dye to fading or degradation when exposed to light, particularly sunlight. This is a crucial property for dyes used in textiles, inks, plastics, and other materials, as it determines the longevity and durability of the color. Several factors influence the light fastness of dyes, ranging from the chemical structure of the dye to environmental conditions and the substrate to which the dye is applied.

So what are the factors that affect the light fastness of dyes?

1. The effect of light on dyes

When a dye molecule absorbs the energy of a photon, it will cause the outer valence electrons of the molecule to transition from the ground state to the excited state. Photochemical reactions occur between the excited dye molecules and other molecules, resulting in photofading of the dye and photobrittleness of the fiber.

2. Factors affecting the light fastness of dyes

Light source and wavelength of irradiating light;

Environmental factors;

Chemical properties and organizational structure of fibers;

The bonding strength between dye and fiber;

Chemical structure of dye;

Dye concentration and aggregation state;

The influence of artificial sweat on the photofading of dyes;

Influence of additives.

The effects of dye floating, incomplete soaping after dyeing, and unfixed dyes and hydrolyzed dyes remaining on the cloth will also affect the light fastness of dyed goods. Their light fastness is significantly lower than that of fixed reactive dyes. The more thorough the soaping is, the better the lightfastness will be.

When cationic low-molecular or polyamine-condensed resin-based fixatives and cationic softeners are used in fabric finishing, the light fastness of dyed goods will be significantly reduced. Therefore, when selecting fixatives and softeners, attention must be paid to their impact on the light fastness of dyed materials.

light fastness of dyes wholesale

3. Methods to improve the sunlight fastness of dyes

Improve the structure of the dye so that it can consume light energy while minimizing the impact on the dye color system, thereby maintaining the original color; that is, dyes with high light fastness are often said. The price of such dyes is generally higher than that of ordinary dyes. For fabrics with high sun exposure requirements, you should first start with dye selection.

If the fabric has been dyed and the light fastness does not meet the requirements, it can also be improved by using additives. Add appropriate additives during the dyeing process or after dyeing, so that when exposed to light, it will react with light before the dye and consume light energy, thereby protecting the dye molecules. Generally divided into ultraviolet absorbers and anti-ultraviolet agents, collectively referred to as sun fastness enhancers.

4.Recommendations for UV absorbers with better effects:

UV Resistant Finishing Agent Sylic FU5680

UV Resistant Finishing Agent Sylic FU5681

In conclusion, the light fastness of dyes is governed by a complex interplay of chemical, physical, and environmental factors. Understanding and optimizing these factors are essential for developing dyes with superior resistance to light-induced fading, ensuring the longevity and vibrancy of colored materials.

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